Litchfield, MN 55355
Phone: (320) 693-4528
Fax: (320) 693-4561
After an injury to the brain such as in a traumatic brain injury or a stroke, often those individuals will have difficulty communicating through speech. The following are common communication disorders seen in patients.
Aphasia – Aphasia is a communication disorder that results from damage or injury to language parts of the brain. It’s more common in older adults, particularly those who have had a stroke. Aphasia gets in the way of a person’s ability to use or understand words, but it does not impair the person’s intelligence. People who have aphasia may have difficulty speaking and finding the right words to complete their thoughts. They may also have problems understanding conversation, reading and comprehending written words, writing words and using numbers.
Dysarthria – Dysarthria is a motor speech disorder. It results from impaired movement of the muscles used for speech production including the lips, tongue, vocal folds and/or diaphragm. The type and severity of dysarthria depend on which area of the nervous system is affected. Treatment depends on the cause, type and severity of the symptoms.
The Meeker Memorial Hospital speech therapist works with each individual to improve communication abilities. Possible goals of treatment include: slowing the rate of speech, improving the breath support so the individual can speak louder, strengthening muscles, increasing tongue and lip movement, and improving speech/sound production so that speech is more clearly understood. The therapist will also teach the individual methods to communicate that don’t involve speech. This will help the person compensate for language difficulties.